The manager of CiteMaker ensures the referencing is correct and up to date.
If you use other online citation generators, it is your responsibility to check the style is correct.
The general format for a reference:
Who is the creator?
When was it created?
What is it Called?
Past lives: Unlocking the secrets of our ancestors.
Source Where is it located?
London, England: Cassell.
Author/s: person or Organisation
Producer & Director:
If continually updated then
Book and chapter title
Title of article and journal title
Title of motion picture [Motion picture]
The title is written in italics.
- first word of title is capitalised as is first word of subtitle.Colon is placed
between title and subtitle.
Book - Where was it published and who published it?
Journal What is the volume number, issue number and page number.
Website. Where is website located - URL or DIO (direct image identifier)
Motion picture, ClickView – Country of origin: Studio.
How do you reference the words or ideas of others?
1. In-text citing occurs in the body of your assignment and looks like this:
(Jones, 1998, p. 199).
- Use quotation marks for direct quotation and page number for a printed work or paragraph number for an online work.
- For paraphrased information (where you use someone else’s words or ideas in your own words) although not mandatory, it is helpful to provide a page or paragraph number to assist the reader find the source.
2. The second part to referencing is the list of references which appears as an alphabetical list at the end of your assignment. It is known as References. The second and subsequent lines are indented.
Rightsholder, A. A. (year). Title of Software or Program (Version number) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx
- Example of an entire app:
Skyscape. (2013). Skyscape Medical Resources (Version 1.17.42) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from http://itunes.apple.com
- Example of an entry in a reference app:
Diabetes. (2013). In Epocrates Essentials for Apple iOS (Version 5.1) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from http://www.epocrates.com/mobile/iphone/essentials
Harrsch, M., (2014, March 23). Roman Times. Retrieved from http://ancientimes.blogspot.com.au/
Barnes J. (2010). Uylsses S. Grant. In Roberts A (Ed.) The art of war (pp. 212- 227). London,
Wilson, I. (2010). Past lives: Unlocking the secrets of the past. London, England: Cassell.
Burke, H., & Smith, C. (2004).The archaeologist's field handbook. Crow's Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin.
With an editor
Penrose, J. (Ed.). (2005). Rome and her enemies: An empire created and destroyed by war. Oxford: Osprey.
Corporate author - groups including corporations, associations, government agencies, and study groups can serve as authors.
American Psychological Association. (2009). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association
(6th ed.). Washington DC: American Psychological Association.
McNab. A. (2007). Avenger. [OverDrive]. Retrieved from http://twgs.lib.overdrive.com/ContentDetails.htm?
Author, A. A. (year). Title of work. Retrieved month day, year, retrieved from source.
APA does not require a retrieval date except where information may change over time.
If no author is given then use the title and if no date then put (n.d.) for no date.
Pet therapy. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.holissticonline.com/stress_pet-therapy.htm
Similar as for a book but the title of the article, volume number (in italics) are included. Do not put "Vol" before the number. Issue number comes next and is bracketed but not italicised. Use the month or other designation if there is no volume number. Include all page numbers. Add the DOI if possible.
Capitalise the first and all major words in the publication name.
Gabbett, T., Jenkins, D., & Abernethy, B. (2010). Physical collisions and injury during professional rugby league skills training. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 13(6), pp. 578-583.
Journal online from a database
Smyth, A. M., Parker, A. L., & Pease, D. L. (2002). A study of enjoyment of peas. Journal of Abnormal
Eating, 8(3), 120-125. Retrieved from http://www.articlehomepage.com/full/url/
Motion Picture, DVD, ClickView and Youtube
Either the producer's or director's name can be given, or both. Indicate in brackets the role following the name.
Robbo, de M. (Producer). (2002). Chromotography. [Clickview].type of resource Australia.
Grazer, B. (Producer), & Howard, R. (Director). (2001) A beautiful mind [Motion Picture]. USA: Universal
Fink, M. (Producer). & Armstrong, G. (Director). (1979). My brilliant career. [DVD]. Australia: ICON &
Schwartz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status. The Washington Post, pp. A1, A4.
Cell. (2014). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://school.eb.com.au/levels/middle/article/273572
Including private letters, memos, personal interviews, telephone conversations.
- Cite Personal Communication in text only.
- Give initials as well as the surname and provide as exact a date as possible.
T. K. Lucas (personal communication, April 2, 2017)
(E. A. Smith, personal communication, April 5, 2017)